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Clerk/Register Of Deeds
Fred Miller
120 N Main, Mount Clemens, MI 48043
(586) 469-5120


April 28, 2005 


Governor Jennifer M. Granholm today signed a bill that lets counties stop paying to mail juror qualification questionnaires to people who are not permitted by law to serve on a jury.  The bill was sponsored by said State Representative Steve Bieda (D-Warren) after it was suggested by the Macomb County Clerk / Register of Deeds.

“This law provides savings to taxpayers while making sure our legal system is working efficiently and effectively to protect the rights of Michigan citizens.” said Governor Granholm. 

“It just makes common sense not to spend taxpayers’ money trying to qualify a felon for jury duty when we already know felons are not allowed to serve on jury duty,” said Bieda.  “In a time of federal and state budget shortfalls, this is a common sense way to save a little money.”

“This is a way to save taxpayers money and make the jury selection process more efficient,” said the Macomb County Clerk.  “I thank Chief Judge Antonio P. Viviano for already authorizing my office to remove felons from the jury list in anticipation of this new law.  This will save taxpayers time and money.”

The new law gives counties, upon approval of the chief judge, the discretion to say juror qualification questionnaires need not to be mailed to felons.  Michigan law states felons cannot serve on a jury.  The law already states that to qualify as a juror a person shall:

  1. Be a citizen of the United States, 18 years of age or older, and a resident in the county for which the person is selected.
  2. Be able to communicate in the English language.
  3. Be physically and mentally able to carry out the functions of a juror.
  4. Not have served as a juror in a court during the preceding 12 months.

(e) Not have been convicted of a felony.

A person more than 70 years of age may claim exemption from jury service.

To select jurors, the Secretary of State provides a list of potential jurors to the county clerk every year from the drivers’ license and Michigan identification card computer database.  The clerk then sends questionnaires to a random sample from that list.  Based on answers to the questionnaires, people qualified for jury duty may then be randomly summoned for actual jury service. 

The Michigan Department of State Police keeps a database of felons.  Last spring the Macomb County Clerk worked with the state police on a pilot program to test the process of cross-checking the Secretary of State’s database with the state police database to exclude known felons from the jury pool.  The pilot program was done at no additional cost to taxpayers.  The Macomb County Clerk determined that at least 15,000 Macomb County names would have been removed from the county’s master jury pool list of over 600,000 names that her office received last spring from the Secretary of State.  The Macomb County Clerk’s office has already been in contact with the state police for this year’s list.

“Since the state had the database of potential jurors and the database of felons who cannot serve on jury duty, it just made sense to link the two databases to save taxpayers some money,” said the Macomb County Clerk.

Removing the names of people the state already knows cannot serve on jury duty will reduce juror qualification questionnaire and summons printing costs, processing costs and mailing costs for counties across the state.  Doing so also makes the jury selection process even more accurate.

“There will definitely be savings to Macomb County taxpayers,” said Bieda.  “When you consider that this procedure could be duplicated in every county in Michigan, it could add up to big savings state wide.”

The law does not impose a mandate on counties.  It lets each county chief judge decide whether or not to change their juror process.  The bill also has nothing to do with the issue of whether or not felons should be permitted to serve on a jury.  Many people believe that a felon who paid his or her debt to society should be permitted to serve.  Some also feel that if a person is being tried on a felony charge by a jury of his peers, then former felons would certainly be among the “peers.”  Bieda’s bill simply states that as long as felons are not allowed to serve on a jury, then counties should be able to refrain from sending qualification questionnaires to them.

Editor’s note:  A photo of the bill signing ceremony including, from left to right, Macomb County Chief Deputy Clerk Todd Schmitz, the Macomb County Clerk / Register of Deeds (D-Warren), Governor Jennifer Granholm, State Representative Steve Bieda (D-Warren), and Ciara Lynch, Rep. Bieda's niece, who was visiting for Take Your Child to Work Day, is available for your use copyright free on the county clerk’s web site  Click the NEWS button.